Selecting the right PG VG ratio for your e-juice is one of the most important steps in creating the perfect vape. With a lot of variables at play, it can be difficult to get the ratios just right.
The best way to start is by first understanding what each ingredient does and then experimenting with different levels until you’ve found your happy place. Choosing the right PG VG ratio for your best e liquid uk and e-juice is one of the most important steps in creating the perfect vape, especially when you are looking for a specific flavour experience.
What is the difference between PG and VG?
PG stands for Propylene Glycol and VG stands for Vegetable Glycerine. Both are used in making e-liquid and both have slightly different properties. Propylene Glycol is a solvent that produces a stronger throat hit, but has a thinner flavour.
Vegetable Glycerine produces a milder throat hit, but has a thicker flavour. Taxonomically, Propylene Glycol is closer to table salt than it is to vinegar, while Vegetable Glycerine typically refers to any non-glycerine glycol-based substance. Both can be used in e-liquid with a ratio of 5:1 or 3:1. The right PGVG ratio is important because it helps supply the mix with the right amount of PG, without sacrificing flavour. Ideally, one would want the ratio to be between 3:1 and 5:1.
What benefits does PG provide?
Propylene glycol is a humectant, which means it draws moisture from the air to the skin. It’s typically used in hair care products to help soften and condition strands. It’s also used as a solvent in a number of pharmaceuticals, like cough syrup. Compared to the glycerine or propylene glycol used in topical antiperspirants, the glycol is more processed and easier to use and isn’t as deposits on the skin as long as the glycerine is. Recipes that call for higher PG percentages should be made with higher amounts of glycerine or propylene glycol to avoid any deposits.
Propylene glycol gets its name from being a “propellant,” and it acts as a precursor or base for flavouring, which is achieved by adding flavourings and salts. This is one of the main reasons it’s important to consider taste as much as consistency when choosing your e-juice. Propylene glycol is flexible in flavourings, so you can use it in a variety of ways (flavouring and salts) such as cucumber, dill, basil, rice, mocha, cocoa and many more. It’s also unaffected by water and so will allow for a smooth, creamy vaping experience.
When choosing a PG VG base mix ratio, it’s also important to consider the age of your device. You don’t want your flavoured e-juice to mask any cell phone emissions or electronic cigarette burns. Sticking to 75% or higher is a safe start when scoped by the United States Pharmacopeia Convention. 76.5% and below are generally considered unsafe, but you can be assured that whoever is using your product are fit to do so. There are a few other factors you should be aware of when choosing your PGVG mix: Diacetyl is a flavouring which causes your product to taste like, well popcorn! This is one of the key reasons to make sure the PGVG concentration in your mixes is as low as possible. Salty flavours use a higher percentage of PGVG compared to the other flavours, so it’s best to stick to a mix that doesn’t contain any salt or vinegar.
What benefits does VG provide?
Vegetable Glycerine, or VG, is a key ingredient in e-liquid and is also used in a variety of other products, including food products and medications. Some people are concerned about the use of VG in e-liquid because it is a by-product of genetically modified corn. When this is your concern, it’s important to keep in mind the food and drug regulations that govern all aspects of the food and drug industry.
So, if you’re concerned about the level of GMO residue, it’s important to check with your trusted food and drug specialists. Having established the ingredients, it’s important to understand the correct ratio of PG to VG so you’re not producing a product that doesn’t actually work. Knowing the right ratio allows you to increase the vapor production without decreasing the throat hit.
Here is a general guideline for getting a PG VG ratio just right: For flavour purposes you want 30% or 60% PG to 40% or 60% VG. Making e-liquids at home is more challenging because each vaper may have individual tastes and preference. So, it is recommended that generally speaking it is recommended as a best practice to use at least 30% PG plus some additional ingredients to get the correct ratio of PG to VG by weight.
Natural flavourings 😊
The most obvious and well-known flavours are fruit, chocolate, vanilla (flavourings made with fruit or sugar), spice, and floral. But there are many other natural flavours, such as unclean, algae, pumpkin pie with a hint of almond, and savoury. A natural flavouring will not overpower the base of whatever product you’re vaping, so you can truly taste the product. Natural flavours also do not impart any flavour after vaping, so they are ideal if you want a true taste experience. If you’re intrigued by the never-ending assortment of flavours and want to know where to start, read on.
For the right ratio of PG to VG, your mix is going to taste like: 30% PG, 40% VG, and the rest extract (if any).
The Importance of PG And VG in E-Cigarette Liquids
What Are PG/VG? PG is the generic name for Propylene Glycol, a common thickening agent used by most vapes. It is derived from vegetable glycols (aka vegetable oil). Propylene Glycol and vegetable glycream are derived from corn starch or glucose (an organic compound composed mainly of carbon and hydrogen), respectively.
Where Do You Find Them? PG is a widely used thickening agent for e-liquid. Some PG brands) are even FDA approved. You can also find it on the shelves of most bulk stores.
Why Should You Care You should care about Propylene Glycol (PG) and Vegetable Glycerine (VG) because they are often incorrectly used by new vapers and new e-liquid companies. Propylene Glycol in particular has some safety concerns due to its volatility; if not used in its appropriate dilution, it can be explosive, hang fire, and ignite.
For this reason, many vapers choose to steep their liquid in PG to minimize the volatility, which can serve to simplify the vaping experience. However, when it comes to thickening the e-juice before flavouring it, there are some issues that crop up with PG. In particular, be wary of targeting extremely high percentages of PG (more than 0.3%) because concentration matters; too much, and it can taste metallic.
As a first step in evaluating your options, you’ll want to decide which specific PG percentage makes the e-juice taste the best to you, without sacrificing any other aspects of the vape. As always, when deciding on a new e-liquid flavour or device option, you’re ultimately going to be the final arbiter in this matter, so the answers to the following questions should serve to guide your decision.
What are the different ratios used by vapers around the world?
There are four different types of e-liquid that are used by vapers around the world. These are PG, VG, High VG, and Max VG. 80% of vapers use a PG to VG ratio of either 50/50 or 30/70. 20% of vapers use a MaxVG ratio of 70/30.
- How to Choose the Right PG VG Ratio for Your E Liquid Conclusion
There are two main factors to consider when choosing the right ratio and also e liquid calculator can help in right ratio for your e-liquid: your personal preference and the characteristics of the flavours you’re using. For example, if you’re using a flavour concentrate that contains a lot of flavour, you may need to use less flavouring than if you were using a subtler flavour concentrate. Authenticity:
There are a lot of brands out there selling products that have a ‘tertiary’ or ‘fancy’ name. These often contain lesser-quality PG or generally lower-PG (or even none at all) compared to the major manufacturers. Since e-liquid is unregulated and nothing is structurally regulated, some companies have the false belief that by using some ‘lower-end’ PG, their products are healthier.
Like any other product, choosing the right ratio for your personal preferences is important. Salty flavours can be great in carrying individual concentrations of PG and, whereas a Yellow Cake flavour might be better with a higher ratio of flavouring to PG. Since the majority of people using e-liquid are new to vaping, choosing the right PG/VG ratio is obviously an important step in the right direction when use your devices.
Remember: you can always lower your dose if you’re using a less favourable ratio (5, 5.5, 6 or 6.5:1). In terms of categories, there are some PG/VG ratios that are better than others for different types of vaping. For example, the 3.5:1 ratio works for some menthol flavours.
In general, there are multiple difficult to assess factors, which can alter the fluid and consistency of your e-liquid. It’s worth being cautious when trying new products, keeping an eye out for signs of low quality (like a sweet or sour taste, sticky texture, or poor mixing ability) and trying a new ratio to see what works best for you vapes.